[Korean grammar] ‘ㅂ’ 불규칙 (Irregular Conjugation)

커피가 뜨거우니까 조심하세요.
The coffee’s hot, so be careful.

날씨가 추워서 집에 있었어요.
It’s cold outside, so I stayed home.

저는 매운 음식을 좋아해요.
I like spicy food.

Grammar Focus:
For a few verb and adjective stems that end in ㅂ, ㅂ changes to 오 or 우 when added to an ending that begins with a vowel. 돕다 (to assist) and 곱다 (lovely/charming) are the only two words that change to 오, while all others change to 우.

Although the stems of 좁다 (to be narrow), 입다 (to wear), 씹다 (to chew), and 잡다 (to catch) end in ㅂ, they are conjugated regularly.

A: 어떤 영화를 좋아하세요? What kind of movies do you like?
B: 저는 무서운 영화를 좋아해요. I like scary movies.

A: 음식이 싱거운데 소금 좀 주세요.
The food is a little bland, so could I have some salt?
B: 여기 있습니다. Here you go.

A: 아이가 누구를 닮았어요? 정말 귀여워요.
Who does the child resemble most? She/He’s adorable.
B: 감사합니다. 엄마를 많이 닮았어요.
Thank you. She/He resembles his/her mother.

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